Alerts in Indian Subcontinent
Between 24 November 2022 and 10 March 2023, 690 measles cases, including one associated death (case fatality ratio: 0.14 %), have been reported from 7 districts in western Nepal, and 3 districts in eastern Nepal. The majority of the cases (86%) have been reported in children aged less than 15 years.
There is an outbreak of Nipah virus disease in several districts in Bangladesh (see map). This outbreak is related to the consumption of date palm sap.
Dengue is endemic in Bangladesh. However, a surge of cases started in June 2022, with a total of 52807 confirmed dengue cases and 230 related deaths so far. The current outbreak is unusual in its scale and seasonality.
From January to August 2022, more than 3.4 million suspected cases of malaria were reported in Pakistan compared to 2.6 million suspected cases reported in 2021. Most were reported as Plasmodium vivax.
Between 1 January and 27 September 2022, a total of 25932 confirmed dengue cases and 62 deaths were reported in Pakistan, with 74% of these cases reported in the month of September alone. The current surge in cases follows unprecedented flooding that began in mid-June 2022.
Dengue is endemic in Nepal. Between January to 28 September 2022, a total of 28109 confirmed and suspected dengue cases and 38 confirmed deaths due to dengue have been recorded, affecting all seven provinces.