A 39-year-old man in Kerala has tested positive for the Nipah virus, bringing the total number of infections to 6. The man contracted the virus after coming into contact with a previously infected patient who later died. The Nipah virus is highly pathogenic and often fatal, causing brain swelling and respiratory distress. There is currently no cure or vaccine for the virus. The Indian government is working to evaluate preventive measures to tackle the outbreak.
Of the 6 cases, 2 patients died on 30 Aug and 11 Sep 2023, and the remaining 4 are undergoing treatment, officials aware of the matter said.
So far in 2023 a total of 432 people in the entire state of Assam (India) have been infected with Japanese encephalitis and 24 people have lost their lives. The increase in cases is assumed to be related to the floods suffered last month.
Dengue is endemic in Bangladesh. However, from 1 January to 7 August 2023 a total of 69483 confirmed dengue cases and 327 related deaths were reported.
The current outbreak is unusual in its early sharp increase and seasonality.
Between 24 November 2022 and 10 March 2023, 690 measles cases, including one associated death (case fatality ratio: 0.14 %), have been reported from 7 districts in western Nepal, and 3 districts in eastern Nepal. The majority of the cases (86%) have been reported in children aged less than 15 years.
There is an outbreak of Nipah virus disease in several districts in Bangladesh (see map). This outbreak is related to the consumption of date palm sap.
Dengue is endemic in Bangladesh. However, a surge of cases started in June 2022, with a total of 52807 confirmed dengue cases and 230 related deaths so far. The current outbreak is unusual in its scale and seasonality.
From January to August 2022, more than 3.4 million suspected cases of malaria were reported in Pakistan compared to 2.6 million suspected cases reported in 2021. Most were reported as Plasmodium vivax.
Between 1 January and 27 September 2022, a total of 25932 confirmed dengue cases and 62 deaths were reported in Pakistan, with 74% of these cases reported in the month of September alone. The current surge in cases follows unprecedented flooding that began in mid-June 2022.
Dengue is endemic in Nepal. Between January to 28 September 2022, a total of 28109 confirmed and suspected dengue cases and 38 confirmed deaths due to dengue have been recorded, affecting all seven provinces.