Dengue - Brazil

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is experiencing an alarming outbreak of dengue, setting a record for hospitalizations with 362 people hospitalized in a single day, surpassing previous figures from 2008. This sustained increase in cases throughout the month signals a classic epidemic. The state of Rio de Janeiro already registers 17,437 probable cases during the first four weeks of 2024 (1,441 notifications in the same period last year). The situation is expected to worsen, anticipating a higher incidence between March and May. The combination of high temperatures and intense rains created ideal conditions for the proliferation of the dengue-transmitting mosquito, accelerating its reproduction and facilitating the creation of breeding sites. Faced with this emergency, the municipality announced preventive measures, including the opening of treatment and hydration centers and the inspection of closed or abandoned places.


Violence - Jamaica

At least 65 people died between January 1 and 27 of this year in a violent manner, data from the Jamaica Police Force shows. Surprisingly, the high homicide rate has decreased compared to January 2023: 81 people were murdered in the first month of 2023. The country, which has a population of 2.8 million, reported 1,393 homicides in 2023 (1,498 murders in 2022). The Caribbean territory has not reported less than 1,000 murders per year since 2003. The U.S. Embassy in Jamaica raised the travel warning to Level 3: “reconsider travel,” a level lower than the most severe one that warns U.S. citizens not to travel.


Fires - Chile

The devastating forest fires in the region of Valparaíso, Chile, have claimed at least 19 lives, with significant damage to urban areas, including Viña del Mar. The situation, exacerbated by summer and strong winds, has led President Gabriel Boric to declare state of catastrophe, implementing curfews to facilitate emergency work in key municipalities.


Malaria - Ethiopia

According to the WHO, malaria cases are increasing in Ethiopia, with 328,881 new cases reported since the beginning of this year. Between January 1 and 28, 84 deaths were reported nationwide; a month-on-month increase of 16 percent.


Dengue - Dominican Republic

In epidemiological week (EW) 51, 732 probable cases of dengue were reported in the Dominican Republic, 24% are concentrated in the province of Santiago, 14% come from Santo Domingo and Puerto Plata with 6%. In the last 4 weeks (EW 48-51) 3,372 probable cases were reported. In this same period, 1,547 samples were processed, the positivity of the samples is 17%, in which the circulation of serotypes 1, 2 and 3 of the dengue virus has been identified, with serotype 3 predominating (70%). The provinces with the highest cumulative incidence per 100,000 inhabitants are: Barahona (513.99), María Trinidad Sánchez (513.82), San José de Ocoa (469.71) and Espaillat 486.84.

República Dominicana

Malaria - Thailand

Thailand reported 5,206 malaria cases in the third quarter of 2023 (July – September), an increase of 48% compared to the same period in 2022. P. falciparum + mixed cases and P. vivax constituted 4% and 95%. of the cases, respectively.


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Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease

TMAID is the official journal of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow and the Latin American Society for Travel Medicine. Affiliated with the German Society for Tropical Medicine, Travel Medicine and Global Health (DTG).

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