Alerts in Brazil

Dengue - Brazil

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is experiencing an alarming outbreak of dengue, setting a record for hospitalizations with 362 people hospitalized in a single day, surpassing previous figures from 2008. This sustained increase in cases throughout the month signals a classic epidemic. The state of Rio de Janeiro already registers 17,437 probable cases during the first four weeks of 2024 (1,441 notifications in the same period last year). The situation is expected to worsen, anticipating a higher incidence between March and May. The combination of high temperatures and intense rains created ideal conditions for the proliferation of the dengue-transmitting mosquito, accelerating its reproduction and facilitating the creation of breeding sites. Faced with this emergency, the municipality announced preventive measures, including the opening of treatment and hydration centers and the inspection of closed or abandoned places.

Brasil

Zika - Brazil

Zika virus cases have shown a significant increase in Brazil, with 7,019 cases confirmed so far in 2023, continuing an increasing trend over the last four years.

Brasil

Yellow Fever - Brazil

Roraima has recorded one death from yellow fever. The individual is 38 years old. He died in August but only this Monday [30 Oct 2023] did the State Department of Health (Sesau) receive the report confirming that the cause of death was due to the disease. The last death recorded from the disease in the state was in 2007, 16 years ago. With the diagnosis, Sesau issued a warning about the need for the population to be vaccinated against the disease. In 2023, just 31.74% of Roraima residents were immunized against yellow fever.

Brasil

West Nile Virus - Brazil

The State of Tocantins confirmed on May 10, 2023, the first case of West Nile fever infection in humans in the municipality of Caseara, Tocantins, Brazil. The case corresponds to a 16-year-old young man who started symptoms on April 1, 2023, residing in a rural area of ​​the municipality of Caseara, Tocantins. The patient presented with acute viral encephalitis with symptoms of fever, headache, seizure and odynophagia. The case was discharged with serious consequences. The RT-PCR analysis of the collected CSF was positive for West Nile Fever (WNF).

Brasil

Dengue - Americas

In 2023, between EW 1 and EW 24, a total of 2,102,848 cases of dengue were reported, with a cumulative incidence rate of 214 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. In this year, of the 2,102,848 reported dengue cases, 827,493 (39.3%) were laboratory confirmed and 3,201 (0.15%) were classified as severe dengue. The highest number of dengue cases was observed in Brazil with 1,515,460 cases, followed by Peru with 169,504 cases and Bolivia with 133,452 cases.

Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay, Perú, Uruguay, Venezuela, Antártida, Ecuador, Guayana, Guayana Francesa, Islas Georgias del Sur, Islas Malvinas, Suriname

Dengue, Zika, Chikungunya - Americas

During 2022, several countries in the region registered increases in the number of cases of dengue, Zika, and chikungunya, above what was reported in 2021. During the first months of 2023, outbreaks of chikungunya and dengue fever were recorded. important magnitude in South America.

Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay, Perú, Uruguay, Venezuela, Antártida, Ecuador, Guayana, Guayana Francesa, Islas Georgias del Sur, Islas Malvinas, Suriname

Influenza and other respiratory viruses - Region of the Americas

There is an increase in the activity of respiratory viruses at pre-pandemic levels and in associated hospitalizations, predominantly among children under 2 years of age, in the Andean subregion and the southern cone

Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay, Perú, Uruguay, Venezuela, Antártida, Ecuador, Guayana, Guayana Francesa, Islas Georgias del Sur, Islas Malvinas, Suriname

Yellow fever - Brazil

After 2 years without any human cases of yellow fever, São Paulo health authorities reported during the weekend that 2 patients had died from the disease in 2023, after 4 people were infected. Although both fatalities took place in the State of São Paulo, one of the victims was a resident of Minas Gerais. The state had had no cases of the disease since 2020 when one record was confirmed.

Brasil

Avian influenza (H5N1) - outbreaks in the Region of the Americas

Expansion of outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza in birds (to date they have been reported in 16 countries of the Region), and confirmation of 3 human infections caused by influenza A(H5N1) in Latin America and the Caribbean. The identified outbreaks are located mainly in the areas of the Pacific flyway.

Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay, Perú, Uruguay, Venezuela, Antártida, Ecuador, Guayana, Guayana Francesa, Islas Georgias del Sur, Islas Malvinas, Suriname

Poliovirus - Americas

Peru notified a confirmed case of vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (VDPV 1) on March 21, 2023. The case is a 16-month-old boy, belonging to an indigenous community in the Manseriche district in the Datem del Marañón province of the Loreto department, with no history of vaccination or travel history before the onset of symptoms

Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay, Perú, Uruguay, Venezuela, Antártida, Ecuador, Guayana, Guayana Francesa, Islas Georgias del Sur, Islas Malvinas, Suriname

Poliovirus - Americas

Peru notified a confirmed case of vaccine-derived poliovirus type 1 (VDPV 1) on March 21, 2023. The case is a 16-month-old boy, belonging to an indigenous community in the Manseriche district in the Datem del Marañón province of the Loreto department, with no history of vaccination or travel history before the onset of symptoms

Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay, Perú, Uruguay, Venezuela, Antártida, Ecuador, Guayana, Guayana Francesa, Islas Georgias del Sur, Islas Malvinas, Suriname

Avian influenza (H5N1) - outbreaks in the Region of the Americas

Expansion of outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza in birds (to date they have been reported in 16 countries in the Region), confirmation of the first human infection caused by influenza A(H5N1) in Latin America and the Caribbean, and increase in cases in mammals

Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay, Perú, Uruguay, Venezuela, Antártida, Ecuador, Guayana, Guayana Francesa, Islas Georgias del Sur, Islas Malvinas, Suriname

Chikungunya - Americas

In the first eight epidemiological weeks of 2023, 115,539 cases and 33 deaths from chikungunya were reported, with the highest incidence rates in Paraguay (1,128 cases per 100,000 inhabitants) and Brazil (14.2 cases per 100,000 inhabitants).

Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay, Perú, Uruguay, Venezuela, Antártida, Ecuador, Guayana, Guayana Francesa, Islas Georgias del Sur, Islas Malvinas, Suriname

Dengue, Zika, Chikungunya - Americas

During 2022, several countries in the region registered increases in the number of cases of dengue, Zika and chikungunya, above what was reported in 2021

Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay, Perú, Uruguay, Venezuela, Antártida, Ecuador, Guayana, Guayana Francesa, Islas Georgias del Sur, Islas Malvinas, Suriname

Zika virus - Americas

The 2022 cumulative suspected and confirmed cases of Zika are presented, with a clear predominance of cases in Brazil, with 29,117 suspected cases and 2,656 confirmed ones.

Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay, Perú, Uruguay, Venezuela, Antártida, Ecuador, Guayana, Guayana Francesa, Islas Georgias del Sur, Islas Malvinas, Suriname

Leishmaniasis - Brazil

Tocantins recorded 74 cases of visceral leishmaniasis and 3 deaths from the disease between January and October 2022. Another type of disease is tegumentary, which had 250 confirmed cases in Tocantins this year. No deaths were recorded.

Brasil

Dengue - Brazil

The number of dengue cases in Brazil rose by almost 185% between January [2022] and the beginning of October [2022], compared to the same period last year.

Brasil